自动驾驶卡车乘坐自动卡车

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In an extensive project, a research consortium plans to have autonomous trucks on the motorway by the middle of the decade. The initial goal is regular hub-to-hub traffic under online supervision.
By Christoph Hammerschmidt

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For the ATLAS-L4 research project, truck manufacturer MAN Truck & Bus, technology provider Bosch and suppliers Knorr-Bremse and Leoni are joining forces. Together with the automated logistics provider Fernride and the test tool manufacturer BTC Embedded Systems, they want to have autonomously driving trucks rolling on the motorway for the first time by the middle of this decade. As the L4 in the project’s name suggests, it is about autonomous driving at SAE level 4 – i.e. with a safety driver on board who can, however, rest on the side.

项目的经济驱动力是明显的shortage of long-distance drivers, which is becoming increasingly acute in view of the ageing of the workforce. ATLAS-L4 is intended to show that the use of Level 4 automated and thus driverless vehicles on the motorway is feasible, thus laying the foundation for innovative transport and logistics concepts. The project thus directly addresses the new possibilities opened up by the law on autonomous driving passed in Germany in 2021, with which the country assumes a pioneering position globally. The project is intended to lay the foundations for autonomous driving between logistics hubs on the motorway to make an effective contribution to avoiding traffic jams and accidents, to operate the vehicles more fuel-efficiently and to counter the shortage of driving personnel by eliminating less attractive driving tasks.

在开发阶段,安全驾驶员将乘坐卡车。对于以后的系列使用,计划将车辆完全自动驾驶。但是,从技术上讲,根据SAE 5级的自主权并不是打算的,这将需要车辆的技术设计不同,这是Man Truck&Bus的发言人解释说。取而代之的是,如果出现技术问题,将将车辆带入安全状态 - 这意味着它们会抬起并自动通知技术主管,然后他们将派遣维护人员到车辆。发言人说,为了进一步计划,该项目还将探索远程关系的可能性,即通过5G移动通信直接控制车辆。

作为该项目的一部分,Man Truck&Bus负责整体系统开发以及将所有组件集成到车辆中。MAN还负责对车辆的数据传输和控制中心的调试,该中心将根据自动驾驶法律规定的技术监督来监视测试驱动器。制动专家Knorr-Bremse正在开发特殊设计的设计制动系统体系结构,该体系结构将在任何情况下都能安全地运行4级卡车。项目合作伙伴Leoni确保自动化系统的机载网络和电子线路分布始终可靠地发挥作用,无论发生什么故障,鉴于所需的高水平的故障安全,这并不是一项琐碎的任务。

Bosch Automotive Steering is developing a fault-tolerant steering system for ATLAS-L4 that meets all the requirements for SAE Level 4 automation.

其他公司和研究机构也参与了该项目。总部位于慕尼黑的启动Fernride正在研究该项目涉及的枢纽 - 到中心方案中的远程运行可能性。借助Fernride的Teleperation平台,可以监控自动驾驶汽车,并在必要时进行远程控制。

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